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Juvenile Subject Headings Guidelines

Juvenile subject headings (650 b 1) will be left in the record as is. If no juvenile headings are present, they should be added by the cataloging unit. As needed, additional juvenile subject headings will be added to the record using Subject Headings for Children, Lois Winkel editor, as the primary source to find or verify subject headings.

"Adult" subject headings (650 b 0) are the regular Library of Congress Subject Headings. Adult headings, if not already present, should be added to juvenile materials records by the cataloging unit in the following manner:

For non-fiction juvenile books, the juvenile headings will be "flipped" to create parallel adult subject headings with the appropriate subdivision (e.g., |x Juvenile literature) In many cases, the adult and juvenile headings may be virtually identical, but headings must always be verified because certain headings vary considerably. Providing both adult and juvenile headings enables the book to be searchable both in the regular subject index and also in the children's subject heading index. It also ensures that the word "juvenile" appears in the record for improved key word searchability.

Juvenile fiction books should have juvenile subject headings, and at least one adult heading. Major themes such as divorce, death, siblings, etc. will be easy to "flip" into adult headings, but some fiction books will be more difficult, especially since the adult subject headings are not designed to cope with fiction very well. More general headings may or may not be "flipped" according to how useful the heading is deemed to be for the adult subject index. At least one heading will be flipped into the adult form to provide for key word searching of the word juvenile. If it is just not feasible to add an adult heading, a 500 note should be added with the words "Juvenile collection book".

Examples of Juvenile Materials Subject Headings:


Example #1:

Original Subject Headings: Subject Headings after Cataloging:
650: 1: Divorce |x Fiction. 650: 1: Divorce |x Fiction.
650: 1: Family |x Fiction. 650: 1: Family |x Fiction.
650: 0: Divorce |x Juvenile fiction.

NOTE: "Family" was not flipped because it is very general and not of much use in the adult index for this book.

Example #2:

Original Subject Headings: Subject Headings after Cataloging:
650: 1: Water. 650: 1: Water.
650: 1: Rain. 650: 1: Rain.
650: 1: Wind. 650: 1: Wind.
650: 1: Sky. 650: 1: Sky.
650: 1: Hydrologic cycle. 650: 1: Hydrologic cycle.
650: 0: Hydrologic cycle |x Juvenile literature.
650: 0: Water |x Juvenile literature.
650: 0: Rain and rainfall |x Juvenile literature.

Example #3:

Original Subject Headings: Subject Headings after Cataloging:
650: 1: Pigs |x Fiction. 650: 1: Pigs |x Fiction.
650: 0: Swine |x Juvenile fiction.


Example #4:

Original Subject Headings: Subject Headings after Cataloging:
650: 0: Human anatomy |x Atlases 650: 1: Human anatomy.
|x Juvenile literature. 650: 1: Body, Human.
650: 0: Human anatomy |x Atlases
|x Juvenile literature.

See the guide on Processing Juvenile Collection Items for instructions on cataloging and processing juvenile materials.