### **I** = one (1)

**V** = five (5)

**X** = ten (10)

**L** = fifty (50)

**C** = one hundred (100)

**D** = five hundred (500)

**M** = one thousand (1,000)

__Hints in reading Roman Numerals__

If a smaller character comes **AFTER** a larger character, then add
the value of the two characters together.

EXAMPLES:

XI means 10 + 1 = 11

XXVI means 10 + 10 + 5 + 1 = 26

If a smaller character comes **BEFORE** a larger character, then subtract
the value of the smaller from the value of the larger character.

EXAMPLES:

IX means 10 - 1 = 9

XL means 50 - 10 = 40

More Examples:

C L X V I I
CLXVII means 100 + 50 + 10 + 5 + 1 + 1 = 167
L IX
LIX means 50 + (10 - 1), or 50 + 9 = 59
XL I I I
XLIII means (50 - 10) + 1 + 1 + 1 = 43
X V I
XVI means 10 + 5 + 1 = 16
IC
XCIX means (100 - 10) + (10 - 1), or 90 + 9 = 99
XL IX
XLIX means (50 - 10) + (10 - 1), or 40 + 9 = 49

*Last updated on June 17, 1997 at 09:40:15 AM*

Copyright ©1997

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