The United States Congress enacted the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990 requiring the Attorney General to collect data "about crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on race, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnicity, including where appropriate the crimes of murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, aggravated assault, simple assault, intimidation, arson, and destruction, damage or vandalism of property." In 1994, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act amended the Hate Crime Statistics Act to add disabilities, both physical and mental, as factors that could be considered a basis for hate crimes. As with the other UCR (Uniform Crime Reporting) data, law enforcement agencies contribute reports either directly or through their state reporting programs. Information contained in the data includes number of victims and offenders involved in each hate crime incident, type of victims, bias motivation, offense type, and location type. Data for 2008 is available in this dataset in the ICPSR database .
The ICPSR (Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research) database provides search and browsing access to abstracts and datasets in the world's largest archive of computerized social science data. Search or browse by title of study, principal investigator, words in abstracts, or study number. It is possible to browse major research categories.