Guide to the Thomas T. Bigbee Papers, RG 10

Listed by: TAB
Date: 10-1965

Date Span: 1863-1864

Biographical Sketch: Bigbie enlisted in Co. G, 33rd Alabama Infantry Regiment, Army of Tennessee, in May 1862. He was captured near Peachtree Creek at Atlanta, July 22, 1864, and sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois, where he died October 17, 1864.

Scope / Content: Consists of letters written by Bigbie to his parents and his wife between June 21, 1862, and July 1, 1864, plus copies of National Archives records relating to the Bigbie family. Transcripts of papers available. The library also has the collection on one reel of microfilm (positive).

SERIES 1:  33 letters written by Bigbee, 1862-4.

  1. 1862, undated--No war news.

  3. June 21, 1862--No war news.

  5. August 28, 1862. Georgia.
    1. Has been very sick for about 20 days. Needs a warm coat and pants.

  6. October 22, 1862. Knoxville, Tennessee.
    1. Was in battle at Perryville, Kentucky. 160 men out of 380 killed or wounded. He names many of those soldiers and officers.

  7. February 3, 1863. Tennessee
    1. It is muddy and cold. He needs socks badly.

  8. March 31, 1863. Tullahoma, Tennessee.
    1. Has received very few letters from home. It is cold and snowing. Have plenty of wood and water, but meat is scarce.

  9. March 31, 1863. Tullahoma.
    1. He is tired of the war. Some three thousand men have been playing battles in the snow.

  10. May 12, 1863. Camp War Trace, Tennessee.
    1. Asks wife to write letters. The unit has moved about 14 miles to new location. General Forrest has captured about two thousand Yankees.

  11. May 31, 1863. War Trace, Tennessee.
    1. Have marched some 12 miles and returned. Food is fair. The men are excited about news of battle of Vicksburg.

  12. June 11, 1863. War Trace, Tennessee
    1. He has sent fifty dollars to wife and will try to send more soon. Does not expect to fight soon.

  13. July 12, 1863. Harrison, Tennessee.
    1. Has been in wet clothes for several days. Many including himself have lost their knapsacks and have only the clothes they are wearing. Was in a recent battle.

  14. July 15, 1863. Harrison, Tennessee.
    1. He received some clothes from home. Food is short. Needs gloves and shirts with pockets.

  15. July 16, 1863. Harrison.
    1. Has been marching a lot and fighting too. He is holding up even though food is not sufficient. Needs clothes.

  16. September 22, 1863. Camp.
    1. Describes a battle and names of the men killed or wounded. Has been moving so much he has not written. He needs winter clothes.

  17. October 3, 1863. Regimental Camp.
    1. He is confused by some information in a letter from home. He has been in a battle and survived without a scratch. Food is again short.

  18. November 1, 1863. Camp.
    1. He is writing many letters home but is not receiving enough from there. Please send clothes. Some local boys have been killed or wounded. Some have deserted, but he does not approve of such action.

  19. November 4, 1863.
    1. Still need items from home. Action is quiet now.

  20. December 3, 1863.
    1. His unit has fallen back from Missionary Ridge to Tunnel Hill, Georgia. Lost some men near Ringgold, Georgia. He would like to come home, but will not desert like two of his friends in order to do so.

  21. December 7, 1863. Tunnel Hill, Georgia.
    1. His unit has been building breastworks. Yankees attacked them with heavy losses. General Bragg has been relieved and replaced by General Hardee.

  22. December 15, 1863. Tunnel Hill, Georgia.
    1. They have built winter quarters, but Yankees seen to have strength advantage. He doesnít think the Confederates are fighting as hard now, for the men are tired of war. Wants more letters from home, and has not received any clothing.

  23. December 17, 1863. Tunnel Hill.
    1. Still has not received any clothing from home. Hopes to get home soon.

  24. December 24, 1863. Tunnel Hill.
    1. Complains of lack of letters from his wife.

  25. December 25, 1863. Tunnel Hill.
    1. His clothes arrived, the pants were too small. He is now acting orderly sergeant. He found a knapsack with good socks, gloves and shirt.

  26. December 31, 1863.
    1. He would like a string of peppers, some sage, and sewing thread.

  27. Date missing. Near Dalton, Georgia.
    1. Unit will be moving and direct any letters to Army of Tennessee.

  28. January 25, 1864. Tunnel Hill, Georgia.
    1. Has received some of the food sent from home. He lists other items he would like to get.

  29. February 13, 1864. Tunnel Hill.
    1. He has been on a search for deserters. The practice of granting furloughs has stopped.

  30. February 14, 1864. Tunnel Hill.
    1. He received the food sent from home and was very pleased.

  31. March 12, 1864. Dalton, Georgia.
    1. He has not been able to get a furlough. Paper money has become nearly worthless. If his brother Will joins the army, ask him to come and join up in the same unit. His wifeís writing has improved.

  32. May 29 & 30, 1864. Regimental Camp.
    1. He has just been in a fierce battle. Many were killed or wounded. He has never seen so many dead Yankees. Fighting increased the following day. Will was not in the fighting and survived.

  33. June 7, 1864. Regimental Camp.
    1. He has not been well for some time. Has an ax instead of a gun. Has seen several men killed. Will is all right.

  34. July 1, 1864.
    1. The regiment is in line of battle behind breastworks. Will is sick in hospital. A friend was killed while skirmishing.

  35. July 1, 1864. Marietta, Georgia.
    1. He was wounded in the ankle, but is able to get about. Canít wear a shoe. Names several friends killed or wounded. Will is sick and may be furloughed home. Yankees have suffered many losses but keep coming. There is much sickness due to rain and bad weather. He thinks Sherman will keep pushing them back, and may end the war soon.


SERIES 2:  These are extracts from National Archives records about Bigbie. They are from Confederate muster rolls and Union Prisoner of War records.

Go to the Auburn University Special Collections & Archives Department Homepage