Guide to the Guide to the Creek Indians of Alabama Collection, RG 018

Listed by: Dieter C. Ullrich
Date: May 2003

Date Span:

53 items.

Number of Boxes:
1 file folder.

Historical Sketch:
The Poarch Creek Indians is a segment of the original Creek Nation, which avoided removal and has lived together for nearly 150 years. Despite the policy of removal of Southeastern Indians to Oklahoma, an indeterminate number of Creeks remained in Alabama. The Creek Nation originally occupied a territory covering nearly all of Georgia and Alabama. The War of 1812 divided the Creek Nation between an Upper party hostile to the United States and a group of Upper and Lower Creeks friendly to the Government. The United States provided military assistance when hostilities erupted from 1813 to 1814. Upon victory of the friendly Creek party and their Federal allies, the Creek Nation reluctantly agreed to an enormous cession of land to the United States.

The treaty compelled the Creek nation to cede much of the territory of those friendly to the United States including the present site of Poarch. Those Creeks who had actively fought with the United States were permitted a land grant of one square mile. The United States continued to protect the Poarch settlement after the removal of the main Creek body to Oklahoma in 1836.

On August 11, 1984, the United States Government, Department of Interior, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs acknowledging that the Poarch Band of Creek Indians exists as an "Indian Tribe." The Tribe is the only Federally recognized Tribe in the State of Alabama. On November 21, 1984, 231.54 acres of land were taken into trust. On April 12, 1985, 229.54 acres were declared a Reservation.

Scope and Content:
The collection consists of photographic and published materials relating to the Creek Indian Tribe in Escambia County, Alabama. Materials include newspaper and journal clippings, 38 color slides, photographs and photocopies of laws and treaties relating to the Creeks.

Item list:
Box 1

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