Guide to the Jacob Young Papers, RG 303

Date: 1999

Date Span: 1863-1865

Size of Collection: 7 items

Biographical Sketch: Young served with the Co. B., 189th Ohio Infantry during the Civil War.

Scope / Content: Consists of biographical data, family photos, letters to Young dated 1863 and 1865, and his diary covering Feb.-May, 1865. Latter includes entries about Nashville, Chattanooga, and Lookout Mountain, Tenn.

1865.    Biographical information.  Included in this folder are photocopies.  First is a photo of Jacob Young in his youth.  Another photo shows Jacob, his brother Will, and a daughter Mary about 1880.  An extract shows Jacob was a member of Co. B, 189th Regt., O.V.I., which was mustered out of service on Sept. 28, 1865.  It was mustered into service in Jan. 1865. 

Feb.-Sept. 1865.  Diary of Jacob Young.  He enlisted on Feb. 1, 1865. near Defiance, Ohio for the 188th Regt. OVI.  A few weeks were spent at Camp Chase, Ohio, In February his company was transferred to the 189th Regt. By Train to Cincinnati, then by river steamer. The Regt. Arrived at Nashville on Feb. 28.  By the end of March a fellow enlistee, who had been sick since induction died.  The unit then was near Chattanooga, and spent most of April guarding railroad bridges of the area.  Most of May-June was spent guarding various facilities, watching for any guerrilla activity, and in July the unit was sent to Nashville.  There was little activity from that time forward.  On Sept. 20, the soldiers turned in equipment and arms and by trains went back to Ohio.  His last entry was Sept. 28, when he had reached Toledo, and headed 12 miles to Defiance, Ohio, In the period of service, He had seen no actual combat service.

Dec. 20, 1863.  G.B. Abell to J. Young. Milldale, Ohio.  Young was then seeking his fortune in gold fields at centreville, Idaho territory.  Abell was an older friend from home, who farmed and also operated a store. He wrote a detailed letter about persons, marriages, crops, prices, weather, and miscellany.  He wanted Jacob to return to Ohio and take over the store.  It was so dry that canal locks poke out strongly against political “copperhead” elements who had been defeated in elections.

Jan. 21, 1865.  Will Young to Jacob.  Savannah, GA.  Will had been serving in the union army for two years.  He advises Jacob to stay out of the army, and to buy a substitute.  He thinks Jacob should take Mr. Abell’s offer and run the store.

Mar. 10,1865.  G.B. Abell to Jacob.  Milldale, Ohio.  Abell is happy at the success of Gen. Sherman’s forces.  He asks for Jacob to write his soon.

Apr. 16, 1865.  G.B. Abell to Jacob. Milldale.  He has received Jacob’s letter.  He is angry at the news of Lincoln’s assassination, and thinks it will bring harsh treatment for the south.  He hopes Jacob will be able to return home soon, since Gen. Lee has surrendered. Men are needed for crops and harvesting.

June 4, 1865.  G.B. Abell to Jacob.  Milldale.  He has closed his store after fifteen years, as he is too old to take care of it.  He is hoping to go to Vermont in the fall.  The fall of the south is good, and they deserved it for many good reasons.

June 18, 1865.  G.B. Abell to Jacob.  Milldale.  He has news that many Ohio volunteer regiments are awaiting discharge at Cleveland or Columbus.  He tell Jacob that his offer of employment is still available to manage the farm and store.

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