Guide to the Frederick Fogel Papers, RG 311

Listed by: Dwayne Cox
September 1999

Date Span: 1863-1920

Size of Collection:  57 original documents + 38 transcriptions of letters.

Biographical Sketch: Fogel served in the 76th Pennsylvania Infantry--the Keystone Zouaves--during the Civil War.

Scope / Content: The papers consist primarily of letters and their transcripts from Fogel to his wife from the time of his enlistment through his hospitalization after being wounded at Petersburg, Virginia.


Folder 1

Sept. 20, 1863.  Pennsylvania.  He tells his wife he has to go into the army, leaving on Monday for Pittsburg.  He is sending ten dollars, and will send his clothes also.

Undated. (Sept. 1863?).  He describes his uniform as blue with red trim.  The unit gave the captain a sword which cost 120 dollars.

Undated. (Sept. 1863?).  He has only 18 dollars left of the 83 dollars he is allowed for uniforms.  He has  not been paid the 25 dollar bounty he was promised for entering the service.

Oct. 9, 1863.  Camp Copeland, Allegheny Co., Pa.  He wonders how the corn and buckwheat crops are doing.  He has a testament and hymn book, and expects to vote in the coming Pennsylvania elections.

Folder 2- contains handwritten transcripts of the four letters in folder 1. (No. 1-4)

Folder 3-1864- 20 Letters

Jan. 9, 1864.  Hilton Head, S. C.  He is sorry to learn that "Old Billy" has died, and asks his wife to pay for his coffin.  He has been on guard duty.  But there is little to report on where he is stationed.

Jan. 29, 1864.  Hilton head, S. C.  He has signed a pay roll today, and hopes to get paid tomorrow. He is to receive $54.16, but received $39.81 and he can't understand why the difference.

Feb. 20, 1864.  Hilton Head.  He wants to know if his wife is to get someone to farm the home farm on a shares basis.  Sam has complained that the family is not writing to him.  Also, he asks his wife Vina if she has received two letters each containing $20.  No military news included.

Mar. 16, 1864.  Hilton Head.  He keeps a record of dates of letters received and sent, and of the dates on which they were written.  Vina's letter received today was written on the 28th February.  He asks her to have his discussions with "Old Billy" recorded.

Apr. 23, 1864.  Port Royal, Hilton Head.  In letter segments covering four days, he tells his wife of expecting to be moved; clothing being packed and sent; and being on guard and hearing firing on the 25th.  On the 27th they have moved 3 miles, and are waiting on the tide to bring a ship which they will board.

May 3, 1864.  Yorktown, Va.  He has just departed the ship and met George, Joel, and Stirl.  Some 800 soldiers came on the ship.  Their original orders were to Fort Monroe, but were changed to come to Yorktown.

May 8, 1864.  Yorktown, Va.  They were in fighting the day before, and he and his friends are all fine.  They had to take up some railroad, and retreated after the fighting, with several men wounded.

May 21, 1864.  Yorktown, Va.  Letters form his wife take about a month to reach him.  He hopes he will survive any battles to return to her and the children.

May 27, 1864.  Yorktown, Va.  They have been as close as 300 yards to Rebel lines.  No firing by either line was done.  A Rebel soldier came over one day and newspapers were exchanged.  He added a note one 28 may that his unit moved two miles.  His rations vary from fresh beef or pork, with hard tack, and beans or potatoes.  They discuss the naming of a baby.

June 25, 1864.  Near Petersburg, Va.  The unit moved eight miles to the front at Petersburg. About 300 men of both sides were killed between the lines, but bodies remained there and are smelling bad.  The lines are under fire a lot, and rebels charge the union lines in evenings.  George is at a hospital for sickness.

July 14, 1864.  Near Petersburg, Va.  George is middling well and wants to return to the company, Hostaff was wounded but died on 11 July.  He discusses farm business with his wife involving horses, cows, and getting deeds for the land.

July 29, 1864.  Camp near Petersburg, Va.  George is at the hospital helping to tend for the sick.  Joel adds a noted to the letter saying he likes to shoot at Rebels, but they also shoot back.  Fogel discusses farm business matters with his wife, including lumber and crops.

Aug. 4, 1864.  Near Petersburg, Va.  George is back at the company, and Stirl also came back.  He comments on news from home about many friends and "Uncle Ben" have been drafted.  He discusses many family farm matters with his wife including land, crops, money, and lumber.

Aug. 23, 1864.  Near Hampton, Va.  His wound is getting along as well as can be expected at the Hampton hospital.  Joel is helping tend to the wounded.  He hopes to be sent north, but has heard that the regiment is sent back in front of Petersburg.  He is not getting enough to eat.

Aug. 27, 1864.  Hampton, Va.  He understands that wounded soldiers are to be sent to Connecticut, where the regimental headquarters is.  He had hoped to be sent home instead.

Sep. 30, 1864.  Saterlee Hospital, Philadelphia.  His wound is healing up, and he is getting enough to eat.  He hears that the 18th corps is moving toward Richmond.  He hopes to send some money home.

Oct. 10, 1864.  Saterlee Hospital, Philadelphia.  He complains of a lack of letters from his wife.  There a huge Lincoln night procession in town of 4,000 carrying torches.  A note added on Oct. 15 tells her that her letter was just received.  George is now in the ambulance corps in Virginia.

Nov. 27, 1864.  Saterlee Hospital.  He was examined the day before but was not sent away.  How long he will remain is not know.  He scalded his hand while washing dishes, and it is hard to write.

Dec. 7, 1864.  Saterlee Hospital.  Another examination was done, and no information on what his status is.  He is still working at tending to the others at the hospital.

Dec. 21, 1864.  Saterlee Hosptal.  This letter primarily gives advice on matters at home and the lack of letters from his wife.  He is trying to sell almanacs to other soldiers.  He expects to be returned to duty at the front soon.

Folder 4-  Transcripts of letters in previous file.

Folder 5- 1865 letters and 1 poem.

Jan. 1, 1865.  Saterlee Hospital.  Most of the content concerns legal conditions affecting from land at home, with deeds and ownership questions.  He will send a paper which describes how the hospital wards were decorated for Christmas.  He is still working with the table crew, and is hoping to be paid on the 15th.

Jan. 6, 1865.  Saterlee Hospital.  He continues discussing what the status of a proposed land sale to "Wilson".  He discusses various money issues, and hopes to get paid.

Jan. 10, 1865.   Saterlee Hospital.  He has signed the payroll and expects to receive about $150.  Most of the letter discusses the proposed land sale to Wilson.

Jan. 17, 1865.  Washington, D.C.  He was sent to Washington and placed in the Veteran Reserve Corps, 3rd Regiment, guarding commissary stores and docks.  He tells his wife that her receipt of the land sale is good, and asks her to request  government money in payment from Wilson.

Feb. 17, 1865.  Washington, D.C.  He  is still waiting to get paid ( he has been waiting a year for it).

Mar. 5, 1865.  Washington, D.C.  He was sent seven miles during the night to fight Guerrillas, but it was a false alarm.  The land deed arrived, and he signed it.  He asked the captain about why he still has not been paid, and says that he will go to the War Department soon to inquire there.

Mar. 19, 1865.  Washington, D.C.  The subject again focuses entirely on the status of their farm land at home, about the deed, and about money matters associated with the situation.

Mar. 26, 1865.  Washington, D.C.  More questions on the farm and deed situation, along with money problems.

Apr. 1, 1865.  Alexandria, Va.  His wife has not received any money yet from the land sale. He discusses what can be done.

Apr. 23, 1865.  Camp Hough.  He has been on guard duty, and rumors are that they will be discharged soon.  He is still concerned about uncertainties in the home situation.

May 7, 1865.  West Branch, Potomac River.  He still has not been paid for 14 months.  He is still not understanding why the land deed situation is not completed.

May 12, 1865.  Washington, D.C.  All the armies are coming to Washington for a grand review on 15 May.  He hopes that he and lots of others will be discharged then.

May 18, 1865.  Washington, D.C.  He saw the grand review.  The home situation is still unsettled on the land sale.  He doesn't know if he will get home soon.  He might enlist to go to Mexico for good pay and bounty money.

Undated.  This is a copy of a three-stanza piece of poetry about punishment of secession.

Folder 6- handwritten transcripts of  folder 5.

Folder 7- 19 Postwar documents (1881-1921)

There are apparently from persons related to the Fogel family.  Frederick Fogel seems to have moved to Akron, Ohio, sometime after the Civil War and was involved with the lumber business.  Two postcards are addressed to Mrs. Frederick Fogel in 1904 in Akron.  There are not enough documents to identify some writers, or to determine family relationships.  Also there is no information on when Fogel was able to leave the army after the Civil War, nor is there any way to determine what his farm situation in Pennsylvania was at that time.  There is a focus on business and money situations in these family documents, just as there was in his Civil War letters.

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