Guide to the Gilman A. Hoyt Diary, RG 427

Listed by: Paul Martin, Michelle Nelson

Date:   04/05/01

Date Span: 1864-1867

Size of Collection:  1 item

Biographical Sketch: Hoyt was a native of Maine who served as a private in Company D, 17th Regiment, Maine Infantry, during the Civil War.  The 17th Maine was mustered into service at Camp King, Cape Elizabeth, ME, on August 18, 1862, served at Washington DC until October 1862 when it was attached to the Army of the Potomac, 3rd Corps, 1st division, 3rd brigade.  Regiment saw service at battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold harbor, Petersburg, and Lee's surrender at Appomattox.  Discharged at Portland, ME, June 10, 1865.

Scope / Content: A diary kept by Hoyt while he served as a United States soldier during the Civil War.

Contents Summary:

Hoyt was drafted for service on 15th of October 1864.  He was a resident of East Machias, Maine.  His small pocket size diary started entries on October 20.  Entries are very diverse in nature, often fragmentary, some religious in content, some merely notations of small money expenditures.  By December, he had arrived at Camp Perry, Portland, Maine.  In December and January he became convinced that he wanted to become a preacher, and was hoping the war would end.  He noted the excitement in Portland when news of Gen. Leeís  surrender arrived in April 1865.  He heard of Lincolnís assassination on 15 April.  By May he is very desirous of returning home so that he may study and prepare for preaching.  On 13 May he received his discharged papers, later was paid, and traveled home, arriving there on 16 May, 1865.

The remaining entries extend through May 1867.  They are mostly entries of expenses or receipt on money.  He completed seminary school in July 1866.

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